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23_1_Tkhagapsoev Kh. G.

Adyghe Int. Sci. J. Vol. 23. No 1. P86-98

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  Original Article

Ethnos as a subject of history and a measure of the objectivity of historical science

Khazhismel Gisovich Tkhagapsoev
Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of the Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H. M. Berbekov (173, Chernyshevsky st., Nalchik, 360004, Kabardino-Balkarian Republic), ORCID 0000-0001-5778-5265, SPIN-код 9020-2220,

Abstract. The article is devoted to methodological problems, the solution of which determines the correspondence of ethno-historiography to the modern level of science, its further successful development. It is shown that she adheres to outdated views on the structure, subjectivity and role of traditional society in the historical process; docs not take into account the new views of philosophy and the theory of history on the essence of local civilization, the mechanisms of its existence, its role and significance in historical processes. It docs not pay due attention to the factor of interethnic relations and their specific (in particular, local civilizational) forms in historical processes. As a result, ethnohistoriography reflects the subjectivity of the ethnos in history only partially. It is also noted that discourses about the processes of formation and development of Russian civilization are contradictory, while ignoring the role and place of ethnic groups in these issues and the lack of representation of ethnic historiography in the discourses themselves about the processes of formation of this civilization.
Keywords: ethnos, historiography, ethnic historiography, historical process factors, local civilization, sub-civilization, Russian civilization
Acknowledgments: the author arc thankful to the anonymous reviewer for his valuable remakes.

For citation. Tkhagapsoev Kh. G. Ethnos as a subject of history and a measure of the objectivity of historical science. Adyghe Int. Sei. J. 2023. Vol. 23, No. 1. Pp. 86-98.

The author has read and approved the final version of the manuscript.
Submitted 08.02.2023; approved after reviewing 16.02.2023; aeeepted for publication 20.02.2023

                                                                                                                                       © Tkhagapsoev Kh. G., 2023


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